Often confused with acne, rosacea is a different skin disease that shares some similarities with acne in terms of redness and lesions. It usually occurs in 1 to 10 percent of adults; largely affecting women between the ages of 30 to 50 years old. Rosacea’s main identifiers are redness, swelling, broken capillaries, and papules or pustules (acne like lesions). It is divided into 4 major classifications.
Understanding the different classes of rosacea:
Skin conditions are rarely simple, and often involve many complex levels, and degrees of severity depending on the condition. Rosacea boasts four (4) classes or sub-types as follows:
1. Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea:
It appears when flushing and redness become prominent throughout the mid-facial region. The skin is often sensitive and raw to the touch. Pustules can be visible.
2. Phymatous Rosacea:
It is best described as a hardening or thickening of the skin, which is often seen in the nose, eyelids, and cheeks. If left to spread, Phymatous Rosacea, can eventually result in an unrecognizable appearance amongst patients.
3. Papulopustular Rosacea:
It causes persistent development of pustules forming around the mid-facial region, as opposed to just the redness observed in that of Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea.
4. Ocular Rosacea:
Main symptoms are itching, swelling, burning, and light sensitivity target the eyes. This can lead to eye-crust, and eventual infection.
Unlike acne where the causes are largely known, rosacea still remains a mystery to researchers. Over the years, experts have begun utilizing unique technologies to learn more about its underlying causes. As a result, they were able to narrow down on several theories for the onset of rosacea. The theories are listed as follows:
1. Ultraviolet Radiation: it has been observed in many severe cases outbreaks were most common in areas exposed to direct sunlight. This is especially true in individuals with fair skin.
2. Certain Bacterial Strains: such as H.pylori arise in patients with gastrointestinal illnesses and poor digestive tracts, and have been recorded in high quantities with patients suffering from severe rosacea.
3. Demodex: or demodex mites which are small organisms that live in our hair follicles, have been observed in greater quantity with patients having a severe onset of rosacea. Therefore, it is not clear whether an individual’s immune system becomes sensitive to the mites, or develops an immune-response in retaliation to their presence.
What are the rosacea treatment options? While it can’t be fully cured, it can be managed and minimized. Fortunately, there are a number of options available to assist with this. Topical treatment options include the ZO Skin Health Rosacea protocol (see below). It is very important that we control the oil, as excess oil will lead to inflammation worsening its condition.
Daily Power Defense
Complexion Renewal Pads
Daily Power Defense
The second treatment options are in clinic procedures that can help to reduce the amount of sensitivity and redness in the skin. We always recommend getting started on proper homecare prior to looking at these options. Depending on the individual, gentle chemical peels, IPL (photo rejuvenation), Vein Therapy, and Laser Genesis (Check out our current Laser Genesis promos) are all potential options. In short, although rosacea is a progressive disease with no known cure, there are many treatment options available to help manage the condition. Wishing you all wellness and health!